Facts about oil you probably didn’t know

Facts about oil you probably didn’t know

Oil is a subsoil resource that is used to make not only fuel, but also hygiene products, food, and even medicine. But what do we know about oil? That it is black and that it is the best-selling product in the world? Well, there is more to it than that.

Oil is not only black, but also emerald green and even transparent. However, the last two types are extremely rare.

The depth at which oil can be found starts at 10 meters and reaches 5 km. The maximum number of oil deposits is found at depths of 1-3 km.

Scientists believe that oil appeared by pressing living organisms and algae. Such a process takes 50 to 350 million years.

Oil was used in construction as early as 6,000 B.C. According to archaeological excavations, ancient Egypt used oil as a binding material in construction and also used it to embalm the dead.

Oil was mentioned when it was discovered that it could be used to make kerosene, which was in great demand.

Dmitri Mendeleev was the first to suggest using a pipeline to pump oil, in 1863.

Our favorite candles are made from paraffin, which is the product of oil distillation. By the way, for the pleasant aroma of some candles you should also thank oil, so as most dyes and fragrances are made using refined oil products.

If mankind does not reduce the amount of oil consumed, the world’s reserves will be enough for another 40-50 years. After that, mankind will have to think about alternative sources of energy.

Crude oil is used almost nowhere.

The world’s first oil refinery was built in 1856 by the chemist Ignacy Lukasiewicz. He also invented the kerosene lamp and was the first to learn how to obtain kerosene by distilling crude oil.

The largest oil-producing countries in the world are the United States, Russia, and Saudi Arabia.

To build a small oil refinery, you would need $9 billion.

The Arctic contains about 13% of the world’s oil deposits.

Active use began around the second half of the 19th century, when a new method of producing “black gold” was discovered – drilling. Before that, wells were used.

There was a time when gasoline and other fuels were sold in pharmacies.